Our research is part of STAARS / BASIS -a longitudinal study of infants at increased likelihood for ASD or ADHD because of having a sibling or parent with these disorders. We pursue the hypotheses that many of the later symptoms of ASD and ADHD are an adaptive response to early sensory processing atypicalities; we inquire the mechanisms underlying sensory and perceptual differences (Piccardi et al., 2021) and we want to understand how they lead to later social interactions difficulties (Vernetti et al., 2018).
8-month-old infants who later develop ASD are better at visual search.
Gliga, T., Bedford, R., Charman, T., Johnson, M.H. (2015) Enhanced visual search in infancy
predicts emerging autism symptoms. Current Biology, 25(13), 1727-1730
.....but have no difficulties spotting a face
Elsabbagh, M., Gliga, T., Hudry, K., Charman, T., Johnson, M.H. (2013). The development of face orienting mechanisms in infants at-risk for autism. Behavioral Brain Research, 251, 147-54.
Arora Fedyushkin, I., Bellato, A., Gliga, T.,Ropar, D., Kochhar, P., Hollis, C. and Groom, M. (2021) ReducedAttention to Novelty in more Complex Visual Environments in Individuals with Clinical Symptoms or High Subclinical Traits of Autism. Molecular Autism
Bhavnani, S., Lockwood Estrin, G. Haartsen, R., Jensen, S.K.G, Gliga, T.,Patel, V., Johnson, M.H. (2021) EEG signatures of cognitive and socio-emotional development of preschool children: a systematic review. PLOS One
Piccardi, E., Begum Ali, Jones, Mason, Charman, Johnson, Gliga& STAARS. (2021) Neural markers of tactile sensory processing in infants at elevated likelihood of Autism Spectrum Disorder and/or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders